81st Division. After two days at Tonnerre, the party wont on to Semur, Cote d' Or, the 21st Training Area, and established headquarters there August 20th.
Other organizations followed their turn, spending from four to seven days in Camp Upton or Camp Mills, being inspected and equipped; and units landing in England spent from one to five days in rest camps before proceeding to France. On August 9th, the 349th Infantry sailed on the White Star Liner "Olympic," arriving at Southampton, August 16th. Parts of the regiment left that same day for Le Havre, the remaining units following the 17th and 18th.The next units to leave the United States were Regimental Headquarters, Headquarters, Company, the 1st Battalion, Medical Detachment, Machine Gun Company and Supply Company of the 350th Infantry, which sailed on H. M. .S. Delta," August 11th, arriving at Tilbury-on-Thames, August 25, and at Cherbourg, August 29th. On August 15th, Regimental I Headquarters, the 1st Battalion headquarters, Company "M," Supply Co. and Medical Detachment of the 352d Infantry and the 337th Machine Gun Battalion sailed from New York on the "Ascanius" of the Blue Funnel Line, arriving at Liverpool August 28th and at Cherbourg, September 1st.
The same day, August 14th, the 339th Machine Gun Battalion sailed fromPhiladelphia on the "Phens" of the Blue Funnel Line, arriving in Liverpool, August 27th and at Le Ilavre, August 30th. The 3d Battalion and Company of the 350th Infantry with the 338th Machine Gun Battalion sailed August 15th from Hoboken on H.M.S. "Kashmir." The remainder of the 350th Infantry sailed the following day on the "Messanabie" and arrived at Liverpool with the H.M.S. "Kashmir" August 28th. Troops aboard these ships debarked at Cherbourg, September 1st. In the same convoy with the "Ascanius" was the U. S. S. "Ulysses," which sailed from Philadelphia, August 15th, carrying the 2d Battalion and the 3d Battalion, less Company "M" of the 352d Infantry, landing at Liverpool, August 28th and at Le Havre two days later. Company "M" sailed from Philadelphia on the "City of Exter". August 14th, arriving at Manchester the 29th and at Le Havre the 31st. The "Ulysses" carried also the 3d Battalion of the 351st Infantry which debarked in Cherbourg from Southampton, September 6th. The remainder of the 351st Infantry sailed August 16th, on the ships "Saxon" and "Scotian," arriving at Liverpool, August 28th. The French port for these troops was Cherbourg. August 18th, the 313th Ammunition Train and 313th Sanitary Train sailed on the "Vedic," arriving at Liverpool, August 31st and at Le Havre, September 5th. The 313th Field Signal Battalion sailed August 17th on H. M. S. "Bohemia," which arrived in Liverpool, August 31st. The French port for the signal battalion was Le Havre. Division Headquarters, Headquarters Detachment and Headquarters Troop embarked at Quebec, August 15th and sailed August 21st on H. M. S. "Demosthenes," from Sydney (Nova Scotia), arriving at Liverpool, August 31st and at Le Hayre, September 4th. The 313th Supply Train sailed August 24th on H. M. S. "Empress of Britain," arriving at Liverpool, September 24th, and at Le Havre, September 7th. The sailing dates of the 163d Field Artillery Brigade and the 313th Trench Mortar Battery are not available at this time, but these units never joined the division in France.
The majority of soldiers sailed from
either New York or Newport News, Virginia. The preparation for embarkation must have
been traumatic in itself; the final checking of equipment, every man having his hair
cropped, the probable sleepless night experienced by everyone on the night before
departure. An Army pack in those days contained a blanket, shelter half with pole and pin,
condiment can, bacon can, two suits of underwear, 1 pair of O.D. breeches, 1 O.D. shirt,
four pair of socks, 1 slicker, 1 overcoat, 1 mess kit, 1entrenching tool and toilet
articles consisting of one razor, one comb, a tooth brush, soap, talcum powder and towels,
personal effects such as stationary, cigarettes, and tobacco.
Last updated: 10/17/99